Related questions

How big is the in-use stocks of different critical raw materials (CRMs) in Europe?

Criticality of mineral raw materials - Documentation
Role: Get a review of the criteria that make some mineral raw materials critical
Strategic, critical, high-tech, rare, and minor metals - Documentation
Role: Get information on the concepts of strategic, critical, high-tech metals, etc., or minerals which are sometimes used interchangeably
Critical Raw Materials List - 2014 - Legislation
Role: Get the official list of commodities defined as critical by the EC in 2014
Metal stocks in society - Scientific Synthesis - Data
Role: The continued increase in the use of metals over the twentieth century has led to a substantial shift from geological resource base to metal stocks in society. This report reviews the relevant literature on this topic. From a compilation of 54 studies, it is clear that a reasonably detailed picture of in-use stocks and in-use lifetimes exists for only five metals: aluminum, copper, iron, lead, and zinc. Limited data suggest that per capita in-use stocks in more developed countries typically exceed those in less-developed countries by factors of five to ten. Reliable data on metals stocks in society and their lifetimes are essential for building a global recycling infrastructure in the future. This report is a rewritten and enhanced version based on M. D. Gerst and T. E. Graedel, Environmental Science & Technology, 42, 7038 – 7045, 2008. Parts of it were developed at a workshop held August 15 – 16, 2008. The lead author of this report is T.E. Graedel and it was edited by the International Panel for Sustainable Resource Management, Working Group on the Global Metal Flows. Website:
Stocks and Flows project - Data
Role: This is the website of an academic group researching stocks and flows of metals. The group is evaluating current and historical flows of specific technologically significant materials, determining the stocks available in different types of reservoirs and the flows among the reservoirs, developing scenarios of possible futures of metal use, and assessing metal supply and demand. As of fall 2011, the group has completed work on copper, zinc, chromium, lead, iron, nickel, silver, and stainless steel, comprising complete cycle characterizations for all countries using significant amounts of these materials (more than 50), nine world regions including Europe, North America, and Asia, and the planet as a whole. Targeted studies of a few states and cities have also been accomplished. Specialized studies on tin, cobalt, tungsten, and aluminium have been done as well.
Dynamic analysis of the global metals flows and stocks in electricity generation technologies - Data
Role: This paper analyzes the future development of electricity generation technologies and the metals required for their components, using a multi level dynamic material flow model.
Substance dossier for the recovery of antimony from selected waste compared to primary production - Data
Role: More and more resources are needed to meet the growing global demand for raw materials. The extraction and use of naturally occurring materials (such as sand, gravel or natural stones, but also copper, rare earth elements or gold) is associated with economic growth and prosperity but on the one hand, it also leads to major environmental damage and the progressive depletion of high-quality geological mineral deposits as well as an increase of anthropogenic (man-made) waste streams and land filling of materials. One of the major waste management objectives is the recovery of raw materials from urban stocks (infrastructures, buildings and equipment stock) and waste. This conserves resources and reduces the impact on the environment.
Systemic Analysis of Rare Earth Elements – flows and stocks - Data
Role: This is the website of a project funded by the French government looking at flows and stocks of rare earth elements. Several eco-technologies of primary importance (windpower mills, low consumption lamps, electric motors …), use rare earth elements (REE ; for example neodymium, dysprosium or samarium in the permanent magnets of windpower mills or hybrid vehicles). These substances are referred to as “critical” in that they combine scarcity with economic impact intensity in the event of penury…
Scrreen - Data
Role: This is the website of the EU ‘SCRREEN’ project. This began in December 2016 and has yet to report. This has the objectives of establishing an EU Expert Network that covers the whole value chain for present and future critical raw materials. This network will be set up as a permanent forum for policy-makers, industry and society who are interested or are involved in raw materials. SCRREEN will look into approaches that ensure the viability and sustainability of the network after the project ends to make it a long-lasting structure. The study will analyse pathways and barriers for innovation, and identify the solutions for overcoming these barriers. These should enable technology breakthroughs, substitution options, new resources (primary, secondary, urban mines) etc. The regulatory, policy and economic framework will also be studied for the development of these technologies; identify related gaps/barriers and limitations; and propose ways to move forward, while looking at end of life issues, especially for waste electrical and electronic equipment or waste batteries. The objective is to lift barriers and ultimately boost the creation of new markets in Europe, inducing job and wealth creation.
Urban Mine Knowledge Data Platform (EU-UMKDP -ProSUM) - Data
Role: The ProSUM project delivers the first Urban Mine Knowledge Data Platform (EU-UMKDP), a centralised database of all available data and information on arisings, stocks, flows and treatment of waste electrical and electronic equipment, end-of-life vehicles, batteries and mining wastes. The availability of primary and secondary raw materials data, easily accessible in one platform, provides the foundation for improving Europe’s position on raw material supply, with the ability to accommodate more wastes and resources in future. ProSUM provides user friendly, seamless access to data and intelligence on mineral resources from extraction to end of life products with the ability to reference all spatial and non-spatial data.
EU-UMKDP: European Union Urban Mine Knowledge Data Platform - Portal
Role: Get data related to secondary resources of the Urban mine (WEEE, ELV and BATT), dealing with products & stocks, flows & composition, and recycling. Developed in the frame of the H2020 ProSUM project, the EU-UMKDP bears a special attention to CRM.